2022 Canadian Wheat Harvest Third Largest on Record

by | Dec 2, 2022 | Canola, Cereals, Crop Production

Better growing conditions in Western Canada helped to push national wheat production for the 2022 growing season to the third largest on record, Statistics Canada’s production of principal field crops for November 2022, said. Canadian farmers reported producing more wheat, canola, barley, corn for grain, soybeans, and oats in 2022 compared with 2021.

The report noted that through 2022, better growing conditions relative to 2021 across much of western Canada contributed to improved yields.

“Despite the general improvement over 2021, dry soil conditions persisted in many parts of the Prairies, affecting growing conditions in those regions,” the release said.

National wheat production rose by 51.7 per cent to 33.8 million tonnes in 2022 — the highest production since 2020 and third highest on record. Yields were 38.2 per cent higher at 49.9 bushels per acre, while harvested area was up 9.7 per cent to 24.9 million acres — both were up from a year earlier.

In Alberta, wheat production climbed by 76.7 per cent to 11.3 million tonnes, the report said. Yields increased by 59.8 per cent to 55.6 bushels per acre, while harvested area rose by 10.6 per cent.

“Wheat yields in the province were at their highest level since 2020 and above the five-year average of 49.2 bushels per acre from 2017 to 2021, as timely precipitation contributed to greater production.”

Canola production also increased with Canada producing 32.1 per cent more than 2022 at 18.2 million tonnes. Yields increased by 37.6 per cent to 37.7 bushels per acre, while harvested area fell 3.9 per cent to 21.2 million acres, the report said. In Alberta, canola production was up 28.8 per cent to 5.6 million tonnes, due to higher yields offsetting lower harvested area.

Barley production rose 43.5 per cent to 10.0 million tonnes in 2022 nationally, while harvested area fell  and yields rose due to better growing conditions in Western Canada, the report said. Total oat production increased by 86.1 per cent nationally to 5.2 million tonnes on higher harvested areas and yields .

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