39 www.seed.ab.ca | spring.2019 Justin, 32, Jesse, 29, and Jayden, 26 — and a daughter, Jori, who is 22. Jesse has been working full time on the farm since 2012, while his three siblings also pitch in when needed. Victoor Seed Farm produces a range of pedigreed seed, including Canadian Prairie Spring wheat, Canada Western Spring wheat, malting barley, oats and peas. Canola is also grown on the 2,300-acre farm. Most of the pedigreed seed produced by the Victoors is sold directly to local growers through a retail operation on the farm. The remainder is purchased by farmers in Alberta, Saskatchewan, British Columbia and, occasionally, North Dakota. “It’s important for us to be producing pedigreed seed so that the farmers have access to better genetics and better varieties going forward and to improve their profitability,” says Victoor. “As we go forward, we’ll keep looking for the best varieties that work for our area and also new varieties that are going to fit the end-consumer market.” Victoor notes it’s becoming less common for independent seedsmen like himself to be able to sell directly to growers and not have to rely on providing wholesale products to large companies and conglomerates coming into the seed business. Victoor says customer service could be seen as one area that separates his business from some of the bigger seed players. “We like to follow up with our customers. We usually touch base with them and check in to see how their seed is doing,” he says. “We also ask them what they’re looking for in their varieties and then we try to pass that on to the seed companies and breeders, so they know what the farmers are actually looking for.” Victoor sees innovation as an important part of any successful seed operation. “It’s pretty well a given. Technology is here to stay, and it just keeps getting more and more advanced,” he says. Victoor says his farm makes extensive use of satellite imagery during the growing season, relying on weekly satellite maps to help identify areas within fields that may be deficient in water or suffering from weed or pest problems. He adds innovations such as GPS and semi-autonomous farm vehicles have also made farm operations more productive and efficient. “It used to be you’d have to quit pretty well once it became dark because you couldn’t see where you were going,” Victoor says. “Now you can rely on your GPS to keep you on a straight line, and it also helps you to avoid overlapping areas and wasting product by applying extra seed, fertilizers or [pest control] sprays.” Keeping seed crops and varieties separate is always a key concern for seed producers, Victoor says, noting that it requires a lot of due diligence. He points out that Victoor Seed Farm has many different-sized bins and a clear demarcation system for isolating seeds, and that there are rigorous procedures for cleaning seed drills, cultivators, combines and swathers to ensure fields remain [genetically] pure. Large air compressors and gas blowers are used to clean the farm’s seed drill and other equipment, says Victoor, adding that eight hours are typically spent cleaning out the combine in between harvesting different varieties of wheat. Victoor says the farm always ensures it’s properly prepared for CFIA audits, which take place every two years. “They’ll check our storage bins to see how they’re marked, and then we also have to keep samples of our grain, clean and rough, for two years past the last date of sale of that particular lot of grain,” he says. Victoor says the farm performs some of its own seed cleaning. “When we get new breeder seed from a breeding station, we'll propagate that and then clean those select plots.” For other seed lots, Victoor Seed Farm utilizes commercial seed plants located nearby. “We do a lot of research ourselves and we go to a lot of crop tours and also check out the latest information coming out of each of the research and breeding stations, to see which varieties might work agronomically in our area and also will be best suited and adapted for the end consumer as well.” — Jamie Victoor Victoor says his farm works with an agronomist who assists with field scouting and helps identify measures to keep the crops clean and healthy. He notes one practice that’s benefitted the farm’s bottom line is sticking with the same fields for different types of seed crops. “After you’ve farmed properties, whether they’re rented or owned, you get to know which kind of grains will grow better on those fields. So certain fields will do better growing wheat, and others will grow better barley,” Victoor says. “We plant different varieties over the years, but we’ll always try to keep our barley fields in barley and our wheat fields in wheat, other than the rotation when we plant either peas or canola in those fields.” Mark Halsall